Victim's Rights in Canada

Canadian Victim Bill of Rights

The Canadian Victims’ Bill of Rights, establishes a set of principles to support victims of crime throughout the justice process. It requires that victims be treated with courtesy, compassion, and respect for their personal dignity and privacy. The act solidifies the importance that victims’ rights be considered throughout the criminal justice system; that consideration of the rights of victims of crime is in the interest of the proper administration of justice; and that the federal, provincial and territorial governments share responsibility for criminal justice. The Victims’ Bill of Rights also specifies that victims should have information about:

  • Services and remedies available to them;
  • Financial compensation that might assist them;
  • The progress of police investigations that relate to the crime;
  • The charges laid with respect to the crime, and if no charges are laid the reasons why;
  • Procedures of the court and the victims’ role in the prosecution;
  • Dates and places of court proceedings, and the outcome of the proceedings including any appeals;
  • Any pre-trial arrangements made with the accused that relate to a plea entered at the trial;
  • The release of an accused on bail; the sentence given to an accused, if convicted; a decision that the accused is unfit to stand trial; their right to submit a victim impact statement; and
  • Notice of any application for the offender’s release, a notice if the offender escapes.

For more information, please visit the Correctional Service Canada's Information for Victim's website or you can visit the Ministry of the Attorney General's Victim Services page.